Three driving laws which will be implemented in 2019

Motorists should be aware of three major changes which are due to come in during 2019 affecting how they are required to drive and the roadworthiness of their vehicle. These include sharing the road with cyclists, motorway driving and MOT requirements.

1. The new Highway Code rules define the amount of space a driver must leave when overtaking a cyclist. There should be a 1.5m tolerance between the vehicle and the cyclist, say the width of a car door. If you are not a cyclist, it is difficult to understand how they may feel when you are overtaking.
The Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents offers advice for drivers and cyclists and the rules of the road. Violation of the new rules carries a fine of up to £100 and a potential three-point penalty on your licence.

2. New legislation referring to smart motorway driving will also affect drivers as will the arrival of learner drivers on UK motorways. Drivers could receive three points on their licence for driving under a red X signal and could also be fined up to £100. Penalties for breaking smart motorway rules are also being tightened.

3. Crucially, changes to new MOT rules are likely to be the changes which impact vehicle owners over 2019. Although the changes were introduced last year, 2019 is going to be the year when many vehicles are assessed under the new rules. The new categories include vehicles assessed as a direct risk to road safety or the environment.


MOT testers will probably look at their motor trade insurance at sites such as in light of these changes.

So far as the driver is concerned, there will be stricter rules on diesels, relating to the diesel particulate filter. Passing or failing will also depend on the introduction of new categories and a vehicle will pass or fail depending upon whether it is deemed dangerous, major or minor.
Testers can still offer advice on repairs needed in the future but still pass the vehicle. Higher standards will apply across tyres, brake operations and lighting systems. Vehicles over 40-years-old no longer require an MOT certificate, unless they have undergone a serious re-modification.

Motorists will need to be aware of the changes and how they are applied.

The history behind the iconic design of a bay window

The bay window is an icon of style; sophisticated and sleek while adding an abundance of light and beauty to the home. Created from an arch of windows extending from an exterior wall, they not only maximise interior light, they also make the home appear larger.

Origins in Europe
Due to their attractive and appealing appearance, bay windows have been extensively used in both commercial and residential settings.

The bay window first originated in mansions during the English Renaissance and were traditionally placed in great halls. Many of the early types of bay window were oriel windows,with an ornamental purpose rather than function. However, in the Gothic era, the bay window served a purpose in small chapels built within larger churches, and parishioners used these windows for private worship. They were also widely used during the Victorian era, particularly in Britain, and many examples can be found in flats, detached houses and terraced homes.

Influence from the Chicago School

The bay window first gained popularity in the United States as a result of its use in the Chicago School. Its architectural style first originated in the city’s buildings in the early 20th century.

William Le Baron Jenney, a prominent civil engineer and architect of the era, utilised bay windows in many of his architectural designs as a way to boost natural light. Most famously,Jenney used the windows in the Manhattan Building at a time when buildings were steel structures, and typically, of minimal adornment.

Modern applications

Today, bay window is a term used to define any window construction which extends from the building’s exterior wall, and are available in a wide range of designs. To select your own bay window for your home, contact a company such as

The modern bay window is usually a square or polygonal shape, and can be found across the world. Particularly popular in Europe is the box bay window, a square or rectangular shaped box style. In contrast, the circle bay window is adorned with decorative features such as crown molding, creating a dramatic feature in the home.

There are many reasons to choose the bay window for your home, as they maximise the space,add natural light and improve curb appeal. They also create an ideal nook for indoor plants,window seats and decorative items.

The new smart gadgets that are revolutionising kitchens

Today, consumers are spoilt for choice as manufacturers are increasingly exploring kitchenware tech. Here is a look at the most useful gadgets.

1. Nespresso Prodigio coffee machine
The Prodigio uses the existing Nespresso capsule system, making refills easy. You can make
cups remotely and schedule brews using your tablet or phone (iOS and Android).

2. iFavine iSommelier

If you are a wine buff, you may aerate your tipple. iFavine’s iSommelier pulls air through amolecular filtration system and pumps it into the wine in just minutes, improving taste and smell.
The iFavine app features a progress update bar.

3. Smarter Fridgecam
Spending £100 on a wireless camera for your fridge seems frivolous, but it should pay for itself.Fridgecam checks your fridge while you’re away, so you can make shopping decisions.Recognising food items and communicating expiry dates gives this tech the edge.If you are buying a commercial combination oven, you could

Meanwhile, House Beautiful covers smart kitchen appliances.

4. Nest Protect
This product sits on your ceiling and uses phone alerts and voice alarms if there’s danger with smoke or carbon monoxide. It’s also a nightlight.

5. Amazon Dash Wand and Dash Buttons
If you use Amazon to order items for the kitchen, this saves time. Dash buttons automatically order products, while Amazon Dash Wand lets you order via a barcode scanner or by asking out loud.

6. Tefal Cook4Me Connect cooker
Cook4Me speeds up the cooking process. Essentially a pressure cooker, it can prepare meals and keep them warm for up to six people. Recipes are included, with more available from the iOS/Android app. You can check your dish using the app.

7. Drop connected scale
The Drop scale connects to the internet, making cooking fun. Your iPad or iPhone becomes the screen, showing recipes and measuring amounts. If you have run out of an ingredient, Drop can suggest alternatives. The latest app update covers cocktail mixology. The scale has a wipe-clean finish and no wires.

8. Amazon Echo
Talk to Amazon’s Alexa virtual assistant to set timers and convert recipe measurements. You can order items from Amazon, and get recipe and drinks pairing suggestions. Alexa now supports Sonos, so you can request music via Echo and hear it anywhere in the house.